Chemical synthesis and biological evaluation of an antimicrobial peptide gonococcal growth inhibitor.
Amino Acids. 2012 May 4;
Authors: Wade JD, Lin F, Hossain MA, Dawson RM
Gonococcal growth inhibitor 1 (GGI-1) is a 44-residue peptide with potent anti-Legionella activity. It has been isolated from Staphylococcus haemolyticus but, to date, its chemical synthesis has not been reported. Acquisition of this peptide via this means would enable a more detailed examination of its antimicrobial properties. However, its synthesis represents a significant challenge because of two predicted "difficult sequences" within the peptide. Its successful solid-phase assembly is reported in this paper, and was accomplished by use of simple palliative measures including the introduction of a single pseudo-proline isostere in order to counteract on-resin aggregation. The peptide had moderate antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli but was inactive against another Gram-negative bacterium and two Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus species). It had significant haemolytic activity, with a H(50) (concentration of peptide that causes 50 % haemolysis) of 20 and 125 μM for two blood samples from different donors. An alternative therapeutic index to that proposed for GGI-1 in a recent publication is proposed.
PMID: 22555649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]